OLYMPIADS – CLASS 10 – IEO PREP. STUDY MATERIAL – VERBAL REASONING

VERBAL REASONING

Verbal reasoning is understanding and reasoning using concepts framed in the words. It aims at evaluating ability to think constructively, rather than a simple fluency or vocabulary recognition.

Verbal reasoning can be of different types. It can be inferring information, rearrangement of words to form meaningful sentences to form meaningful paragraph.

INFERRING INFORMATION

In this type of question, rearrangement of sentences is done to form meaningful paragraph. It aims at evaluating the learner’s ability to think constructively and reason out to solve problems in different ways.

Example:

All the books are papers. Some papers are journals. Some journals are calendars.

  1. Some journals are books
  2. Some calendars are papers
  3. Some books are journals
  4. Some books are calendars

(a) Only 1   (b) Only 2   (c) Only 3   (d) Only 4   (e) None of these

Ans:- (e) None of the above as all books, journals and calendars are papers.

 

Rearrangement of Words to Form Meaningful Sentences

In this type of question, words of one sentence are given in jumbled form. These are to be arranged in meaningful sentence.

Example:

A/fashion/has/with/become/eating out/people/today/the

(a) Today with people out has become a fashion.

(b) Eating out has become a fashion with the people today.

(c) Today eating out has become fashion with people.

Ans:- (b)

Arranging Sentences to Form Meaningful Paragraph

In this type of question, the first and last parts of a sentence. The remaining sentence is broken into four parts labelled (P) (Q) (R) (S), which are arranged to form a meaningful sentence.

Example:

S1 : The collector said that the           P  : Supply of water

Q  : Dams should receive water         R  : Upto a particular level

S   : To ensure uninterrupted             S6 : For irrigation

The proper sequence of sentence should be

(a) QRSP   (b) RQSP   (c) SPQR   (d) SRPQ

Ans:- (a)

 

Series Completion

In this type of question, the series should be maintained properly.

Examples:

(1) Choose the correct alternative that will continue the same pattern and replace the question mark in the given series.

120, 99, 80, 63, 48, ?

(a) 35   (b) 38   (c) 39   (d) 40

Ans:- (a)

Explanation:

The pattern is – 21, – 19, – 17, – 15,…..

So, missing term = 48 – 13 = 35.

 

Comments

comments