FACTS – MAMMALS V
Members of the bear family are big, furry mammals with large heads, thick legs, and short tails. They have five claws on each foot.
There are only eight types of bear in the world, including the polar bear and the brown bear.
- BROWN BEAR: this bear is the largest meat eating mammal on earth.
- POLAR BEAR: the biggest and most deadly bear. It lives in the Arctic.
- SPECTACLED BEAR: it got this name beacuse it looks as if it is wearing glasses.
Bears have a good sense of smell, but weak eye sight and hearing. This reflected in their large nose and very small ears and eyes.
A LONG DOZE
Many bears are dormant in the winter, which means they doze or sleep non-stop for a long time. They eat and eat during the summer and autumn months to build up fat that they can live off in the winter. Cubs are born during this time.
- AMERICAN BLACK BEAR: this bear sleeps up to six month during democracy.
- SLOTH BEAR: it has claws of 8 cm that it uses to tear open ant nests.
- GIANT PANDA: this black and white bear always lives by itself.
- SUN BEAR: it uses its 25 cm tongue to suck honey out of trees.
- ASIATIC BLACK BEAR: this very rare bear is a protected species.
Polar bears live in the Arctic. They have thick fur to keep them warm in the chilly weather. They are excellent swimmers and can hold their breath for up to two minutes underwater.
The mother bear looks after her cubs fiercely during their first year, teaching them how to survive. She sometimes stands on her back legs to increase her size and frighten her enemies away.
Bears normally walk slowly, but if they feel the need they can gallop at very high speed. It may seem unlikely because of their size, but most bears are also able to climb trees. This giant panda is climbing a bamboo tree to eat the shoots.